Introduction to Modern Financial Markets - 8 - 9 October 2019

8 - 9 October 2019 - 9:00am - 5:00pm BST
Training (London)
ACA Compliance (Europe)
ACA Compliance (Europe) Limited 130 Jermyn Street London SW1Y 4UR
£1100 + VAT

In partnership with UK Finance

Course Overview:

Learn how to understand and interpret modern financial markets through this highly interactive course, in partnership with UK Finance. You will be introduced to the intricacies of the financial markets and become more proficient with understanding their workings and their risks.

This comprehensive and highly interactive course is designed to provide delegates with an excellent understanding of the financial markets and how they work. This is an ideal course for people working in the back office, Finance, Risk, Internal Audit and Compliance functions as well as individuals new to the industry who need to enhance their knowledge of the various and often complex financial markets. All of this is explained in an interactive and clearly understandable manner. Case studies are used throughout the course to help bring the markets to life and to foster interaction.


By attending this session you will:

  • Have a sound knowledge of the financial markets;
  • Understand the economic factors that influence the various markets;
  • Consider the financial instruments in use; why and how they are used; and
  • Understand the risks involved in the various financial instruments that have evolved over time.


Day One

Overview of the Financial Markets

  • Who are the major participants and how do they interact with?
  • Investment Banks, Asset Managers, Hedge Funds, Private Equity firms, corporates etc

Overview of Economics

  • How markets are influenced by major economic indicators
  • GDP, Unemployment, Inflation etc are explained and discussed

Case study: Delegates will consider what influence certain countries have on financial markets.

The Money Markets

  • Short term borrowing and lending
  • Calculation of simple interest
  • Repo

Case study: Calculating the interest and an Overnight repo trade

The Bond Markets

  • Yield Curves
  • Government bonds and the “risk free rate”
  • Corporate bonds and the “credit spread”
  • Coupons, Redemptions and Yields
  • Bond pricing…..discounting cash flows
  • Fixed rate v Floating rate v Zero coupon
  • Domestic, Eurobonds, Foreign and Sovereign
  • Primary and Secondary Markets

Case study: Delegates are asked to look at 6 different types of bond and asked to decide which bond they would invest in, given several criteria e.g.; Highest return, safest investment, highest coupon etc.

Case study: Delegates are asked to buy a bond and calculate how much it would cost them … clean price plus accrued interest.

The Equity Markets

  • Ownership of a company …Ordinary v Preference shares
  • Dividends
  • IPO’s
  • Reasons for owning shares ….capital growth v income
  • International Stock Exchanges…..Order Book v Market Maker
  • ECNs (Electronic Communication Networks ) Nasdaq, Instinet etc
  • Dark Pools
  • OTC trades
  • How participants interact…Role of Fund Managers / Broker Dealers
  • Principal or Agent

Case study: Delegates are required to fill an order at the best prices across different liquidity venues.

Case study: Delegates must calculate some basic Equity ratios, such as, EPS, P/E ratio and the dividend yield, to decide which share looks most attractive to buy.

Securities Settlement

  • CSDs and DvP. Why is it so important?
  • RTGS v Multilateral Netting
  • Euroclear, Clearstream and the DTCC
  • Local CSDs
  • Sub Custodians

Case study: We look at a settlement flow diagram for a trade between a Fund Manager and Broker, which includes a Global Custodian to achieve settlement on a DvP basis at a CSD.


Day Two

Foreign Exchange Markets

  • World turnover
  • Spot trading…bid / offer and the dealing spread
  • FX forward swaps

Case study: Spot trading …..long/short positions and calculating profit and loss

Case study: Calculating FX swaps points from currency interest rates and therefore understanding the relevance of this product


FX Settlement and Accounting

  • Cash payments
  • Nostro accounts
  • Double entry book keeping
  • CLS Bank …multilateral netting

Case study: Delegates are asked to pass the correct entries for various FX trades


  • An overview of the derivatives markets
  • How futures contracts work

Case study: Following the life cycle of a futures trade – this will include use of a broker,      margining, leverage and arbitrage.

  • Options
  • Basics of option terminology and examples

Case study: Basic use of exchange traded options to take advantage of market movements

Trading Simulation: 2 hours

Learning Outcomes:

  • How Market Making works.
  • Position keeping
  • Basic accounting and reporting of position and profit and loss

Simulation Game: Delegates are asked in teams, to fill the roles of Trader, Accountant and Risk Manager. They will be asked to trade a futures contract. The Price of the futures contract is determined by the role of electronic dice.

The winners are those with the greatest profit. However, fines will be severe for bookkeeping errors.

Final Question and Answer Session